A prophet kills a man (Kaab Ibn Al Ashraf) by treachery!

They said: the prophet of Islam used to kill his enemies by treachery…Where's mercy?? Where are the good manners??
They referred to the story of Kaab Ibn Al Ashraf's kill mentioned in the Correct Bukhari, book of (incursions), chapter (killing Kaab Ibn Al Ashraf), no. 3731. Ali Ibn Abdullah narrated from Sufian narrated from Amr who said: I heard Jaber Ibn Abdellah saying: the messenger of Allah said: "Who would kill Kaab Ibn AlAshraf as he has harmed Allah and His messenger?" Muhammad Ibn Maslama (got up and) said, "I will kill him." So, Muhammad Ibn Maslama went to Kaab and said, "I want a loan of one or two loadings of food grains." Kaab said, "Mortgage your women to me." Muhammad Ibn Maslama said, "How can we mortgage our women, and you are the most handsome among the Arabs?" He said, "Then mortgage your sons to me." Muhammad said, "How can we mortgage our sons, as the people will abuse them for being mortgaged for one or two loadings of food grains? It is shameful for us. But we will mortgage our arms to you." So, Muhammad Ibn Maslama promised him that he would come to him next time. They (Muhammad bin Maslama and his companions came to him as promised and murdered him. Then they went to the Prophet and told him about it.

The reply to this misunderstanding:

First: Islam orders the believers to keep their vows, and prohibits treachery…This is proved in many texts, some of which are:

1 – Allah, the Almighty, says in the Quran: "And fulfill [every] commitment. Indeed, the commitment is ever [that about which one will be] questioned" (The Night Journey:34).

2 – The Correct Muslim, no. 3261. Buraida narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) appointed anyone as leader of an army or detachment he would especially exhort him to fear Allah and to be good to the Muslims who were with him. He (PBUH) said: "Fight in the name of Allah and in the way of Allah. Fight against those who disbelieve in Allah. Make a holy war, do not embezzle the spoils; do not break your pledge; and do not mutilate (the dead) bodies, and do not kill children…."

3 – Abu Dawood's Sunan, no. 3068. Abu Huraira narrated that the messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: "Be honest with honest people (Pay the deposit to he who deposited it with you), and don't betray who betrays you". Thus, the prophet (PBUH) used to prohibit betrayal.

4 – The Correct Jamea, no.9301. Abu Saeed narrated that the prophet (PBUH) said: "Every betrayer will have a flag on the Day of Resurrection, so that the betrayer might be recognized by it. The more he betrays the higher his flag will be. No betrayer will be more sinful than a betraying leader". Thus the prophet (PBUH) clarifies that the betrayer will be exposed on the day of judgment…

Second: their claim that Kaab Ibn Al Ashraf was killed by treachery is untrue, why? Because he harmed Allah, the Almighty and His messenger (PBUH), as the prophet (PBUH) said: "Who would kill Kaab Ibn AlAshraf as he has harmed Allah and His messenger?"

Therefore, Kaab was fighting against the prophet (PBUH) in a war, and it's allowed to deceive your enemy in wars..This is proved in the following:

1 – The Correct Buhkari, no. 2805. Jaber Ibn Abdellah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: "War is deceit". So, killing Kaab isn't treachery, because he's fighting in a war against the prophet (PBUH)…

2 – Al Bukahri mentioned the story of Kaab's killing in the chapter (lying in wars). Thus, Muhammad Ibn Maslama was right when he killed him, and this is not called treachery.
The important question here: Was Kaab's killing right or wrong?

The answer: It was right, because he "harmed Allah and His messenger", the act that Allah, the Almighty, prohibited when He said in the Quran:

1 – {And those who abuse (harm) the Messenger of Allah - for them is a painful punishment} (The Repentance:61).

2 – {Indeed, those who abuse (harm) Allah and His Messenger - Allah has cursed them in this world and the Hereafter and prepared for them a humiliating punishment} (The Combined Forces:57).

It's worth mentioning that Kaab was a Jewish poet, who used to curse, swear, and urge against the prophet (PBUH) in his poetry….

Besides, Allah, the Almighty, prohibited killing a person except by right; He, the Almighty, said in the Quran: {And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden [to be killed] except by [legal] right. This has He instructed you that you may use reason} (The Cattle:151)

So, Muhammad (PBUH) did never order killing except by legal right, as he (PBUH) was the most merciful and patient man ever. In addition to that, we didn't hear anyone living at the prophet's (PBUH) time objecting the killing of Kaab and accusing the prophet (PBUH) of betrayal. We just hear that from the objectors nowadays…!!

Third: Some people may ask: Kaab Ibn Al Ashraf was from the Jews living in Madina, and they were people of covenant, so how could the prophet (PBUH) order to kill him…?
The answer: If we assume that the Jews living in Madina had a covenant with the prophet (PBUH) at that time, Muslim scholars agreed that who swears the prophet (PBUH) defects his vow due to his swear….

Fourth: Someone may ask: Why didn't the prophet (PBUH) forgive him, as he forgave others who swore and harmed him before…?

The answer: May be because Allah, the Almighty, informed His messenger (PBUH) that Kaab had a sealed heart, so he would never stop swearing, harming, and urging people against him (PBUH). So, he (PBUH) ordered to kill him, as he (PBUH) ordered to kill Abu Rafea, who used to harm him (PBUH). The prophet (PBUH) also ordered to kill a group of the disbelievers, who used to harm him (PBUH), such as AL Nadr Ibn AL Hareth, Uqba Ubn Abu Meiyat, and others….

This is exactly what happened with prophet Noah (PBUH), when Allah, the Almighty, informed him that his nation wouldn't obey his orders and accept his message. So, he (PBUH)
supplicated to Allah, and said: {Indeed, if You leave them, they will mislead Your servants and not beget except [every] wicked one and [confirmed] disbeliever} (Noah:27).

Fifth: The Bible mentions that prophet David (PBUH) ordered to kill his leader, Uriah the Hittite, by betrayal after he (PBUH) fornicated with his wife. This is mentioned in 2 Samuel 11:

1 In the spring of the year, the time when kings go out to battle, David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel. And they ravaged the Ammonites and besieged Rabbah. But David remained at Jerusalem.

2 It happened, late one afternoon, when David arose from his couch and was walking on the roof of the king's house, that he saw from the roof a woman bathing; and the woman was very beautiful. 3 And David sent and inquired about the woman. And one said, “Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?” 4 So David sent messengers and took her, and she came to him, and he lay with her. (Now she had been purifying herself from her uncleanness.) Then she returned to her house. 5 And the woman conceived, and she sent and told David, “I am pregnant.”

6 So David sent word to Joab, “Send me Uriah the Hittite.” And Joab sent Uriah to David. 7 When Uriah came to him, David asked how Joab was doing and how the people were doing and how the war was going. 8 Then David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and wash your feet.” And Uriah went out of the king's house, and there followed him a present from the king. 9 But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and did not go down to his house. 10 When they told David, “Uriah did not go down to his house,” David said to Uriah, “Have you not come from a journey? Why did you not go down to your house?” 11 Uriah said to David, “The ark and Israel and Judah dwell in booths, and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are camping in the open field. Shall I then go to my house, to eat and to drink and to lie with my wife? As you live, and as your soul lives, I will not do this thing.” 12 Then David said to Uriah, “Remain here today also, and tomorrow I will send you back.” So Uriah remained in Jerusalem that day and the next. 13 And David invited him, and he ate in his presence and drank, so that he made him drunk. And in the evening he went out to lie on his couch with the servants of his lord, but he did not go down to his house.
14 In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah. 15 In the letter he wrote, “Set Uriah in the forefront of the hardest fighting, and then draw back from him, that he may be struck down, and die.” 16 And as Joab was besieging the city, he assigned Uriah to the place where he knew there were valiant men. 17 And the men of the city came out and fought with Joab, and some of the servants of David among the people fell. Uriah the Hittite also died.

I have a question here: Why didn't the objectors attack prophet Noah (PBUH) and allege that he's not a prophet, because he killed Uriah the Hittite, same as what they did with prophet Muhammad (PBUH)…?! No comment!!

They said: the prophet (PBUH) sent Omair Ibn Oday to Asmaa Bent Marawan and ordered him to kill her because she insulted him (PBUH). Omair went to her at night, and he was blind, while she was sleeping with her children around her, and breast feeding her baby. He took the baby away from her and stabbed her with his sword in her chest. Then he went back to the masjed (mosque), prayed, and told the prophet (PBUH) about what happened, the prophet (PBUH) said: "everyone agrees upon that"…The objectors commented sarcastically saying: what a great mercy had your prophet and his companions….!

The reply to this misunderstanding:

This story is nothing but a mere falsehood; some faithless people authored it to attack the prophet (PBUH). In his book, The Series of The false And Untrue Speeches, Al Albani mentioned that this speech, no. 6013 is false. Both Ibn Oday and Ibn Al Jawzy said that Ibn Al Hajaj is accused to be the author of that story.

I say: Ibn Al Hajaj was known as a liar and a malicious, and all the Muslim scholars agree on that.

A prophet kills a man accused of fornication with his (PBUH) bondwoman without evidence!

They said: Muhammad (PBUH) ordered to kill a man accused of fornication with his (PBUH) bondwoman, Maria, without evidence…How could a prophet kill a man without evidence?! They referred to what's mentioned in The Correct Muslim, book of (Repentance), chapter (the prophet's (PBUH) bondwoman's innocence from suspicion), no. 4975. Anas narrated that a person was accused of fornication with the messenger of Allah's bondwoman. Thereupon the messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to Ali: Go and strike his neck. Ali came to him and found him in a well making his body cool. Ali said to him: Come out, and as he took hold of his hand and brought him out, he found that his sexual organ had been cut. So, Ali refrained from striking his neck. He came to the messenger of Allah (PBUH) and said: O messenger of Allah, he has not even the sexual organ with him.

The reply to this misunderstanding:

First: I'm going to mention the Muslims scholar's comments, then I will mention my comment to falsify this misunderstanding, as follows:

1 – Al Nawawi mentioned in his interpretation: maybe the man was a hypocrite, and he was killed as a result of his hypocrisy, not fornication, and Ali didn't kill him because he became sure that he didn't fornicate.

2 – Ibn Taimia mentioned in his book, Al Sarem Al Maslool Ala Shatem Al Rasool: whoever marries the prophet's wives after his death, should be killed. The prophet ordered to kill that man by cutting off his head because he committed something prohibited, not by applying the Islamic punishment on a fornicator, which is throwing stones till death for the married one, or hitting 70 times with the whip for the unmarried one. This punishment must be applied after finding four witnesses , who swear that they saw the man (or woman) while doing the act of fornication, or by the confession of the accused person. Thus, when the prophet (PBUH) ordered to cut off the man's head without mentioning the reason, this clarifies that the man committed a prohibited act other than fornication.

3 – Ibn Jarir said: may be the man was from the People of Covenant, which includes prohibiting any contact with Maria, and he didn't respect that covenant, so the prophet (PBUH) ordered to kill him.

4 – In his book, Al Isaal Ila Fehm Ketab Al Khesal, Abu Muhammad Ibn Hazm mentioned: It's ignorance to think that the prophet (PBUH) killed the man without evidence. Rather, the prophet (PBUH) knew that the man was innocent from the accusation of fornication, so he (PBUH) wanted to let people know the truth. That's why he sent Ali to him to see that he hadn't the sexual organ, and therefore couldn't kill him.
Second: I see that some of the previously mentioned comments are far from truth. What's really true is what Al Tahawy mentioned in his book, Mashkal Al Athar, (chapter 11, page 116), no.4334. Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn Abu Taleb narrated from his father and grandfather, he said: they went to Maria, so the messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to me:"Go to them, and if you find him there, kill him". I said:"O messenger of Allah, do you want me to obey your order like the blazing piece of iron, nothing can stop me, or like the witness who sees what others don't see?" He (PBUH) replied: "like the witness who sees what others don't see". I took my sword and went away, then I found him going out from her house carrying a clay crockery on his shoulder. When I saw him I prepared my sword, and when he saw me, he threw the crockery away and ran away, then he climbed a palm tree, and fell down when he reached half its trunk. At that time, his clothes were removed and I saw that he doesn't have a sexual organ, so I returned my sword to its pocket. I asked him: "what do you do here?" He replied: "Nothing but bringing some firewood to her". Then, I returned to the messenger of Allah (PBUH) and told him what happened, he said: "Thank Allah that comes between my family and evil".
Someone may ask: how do you accept such a thing with your prophet who ordered Ali to kill a man who didn't have a sexual organ? We refer to the prophet's speech: "It's prohibited to kill a person except in three cases: fornication after getting married, or disbelief after belief, or punishment (because he /she killed someone before)". There's wasn't a clear evidence that the man's case was one of three mentioned in the speech, and at their time, there were other cases that are considered as exceptions, such as; raising the sword with the intention of killing someone, or trying to steal someone, so it's permissible to kill the attacker. The prophet (PBUH) ordered Ali to kill the man in case he finds him inside the prophet's house, but he didn't find the man inside the house, that's why he didn't kill him. On the other side, if he had found the man inside the house, he would have killed him, because it's permissible in Muhammad's (PBUH) religion to kill a man who enters your house without your permission, and also when someone looks into your house without your permission, it's permissible to tear out his eyes. It's narrated that the prophet (PBUH) once saw a man looking inside his house, he (PBUH) told him: "If I knew that you're looking into my house, I would stab that sharp tool in my hand in your eyes". He (PBUH) said also: "If you find someone looking into your house, so you tear out his eyes, you won't be sinful".

And he said: "Whoever looks into someone's house, and he tore his eyes. He shall take no revenge or indemnity". I think it's very clear now that this misunderstanding is completely false and untrue.

We notice from the previous speeches that: the prophet (PBUH) didn't send Ali to kill the man without evidence or admission from him. He (PBUH) rather ordered Ali to be certain first from the man's guilt before killing him, as he might be innocent. This is very clear from Ali's question: "do you want me to obey your order like the blazing piece of iron, nothing can stop me, or like the witness who sees what others don't see?" He (PBUH) replied: "like the witness who sees what others don't see".

This is also mentioned in the following:

1 – Ahmad's Musnad, no. 594. Ali Ibn Abu Taleb narrated that he asked the messenger of Allah (PBUH): "O messenger of Allah, do you want me to obey your order like the blazing piece of iron, nothing can stop me, or like the witness who sees what others don't see?" He (PBUH) replied: "like the witness who sees what others don't see".

2 – Al Bazzar's Musnad, no. 634. Yunus Ibn Bakir narrated from Muhammd Ibn Ishaq narrated from Ibrahim Ibn Muhammad Ibn Ali Ibn Abu Taleb narrated from his father and grandfather, he said: people talked about Maria's Christian cousin who used to visit her. The messenger of Allah (PBUH) told me: "take this sword and go. If you find him inside her house, kill him". Ali asked: ""O messenger of Allah, do you want me to obey your order like the blazing piece of iron, nothing can stop me, or like the witness who sees what others don't see?". He (PBUH) replied: "like the witness who sees what others don't see".

Thus, by collecting the prophet's (PBUH) speeches, it became very clear now that this misunderstanding is completely false.
Third: There's a very important question here: If the prophet (PBUH) kills an innocent man (and he never did that), does this dispraises his prophecy, like what some prophets did according to the Bible…?

1 – Prophet Da